So I have a syntax that relies on sentence templates like this:
[subject] li [verb phrase] li [verb phrase] [Prep Phrase] [Prep Phrase].
Phrase are made of words and phrases have their slots. Then come along negation, emphasis, and uncertainty (with a desire for clarification, also known as questions). These can be slot in in many places, which makes them feel like modifiers (adjectives and adverbs). But they can be several words (e.g. anu seme, x ala x) and they resist taking modifiers themselves, e.g. the following:
? jan li wile kin pi suli mute
? jan li wile ala pi suli mute
? jan li wile ala mute wile
I’m going to treat these as morphology. They have a different scope (or different type of scoping rules)– usually one word. (They can have a larger scope). And they can be inserted (almost) anywhere, more places than adjectives. Negation has an uncertain scope, but usually one word.
jan ala pi pali mute. Scope of 1 word
jan pi pali ala mute. Scope of 1 word.
jan pi pali mute ala. Ambiguous scope, but probably read as scoped to mute.
? jan ala pi pali ala mute ala. Slots in everywhere and means something in each slot.
jan laso pi pali laso mute laso. laso doesn’t actually imply anything different in the 2nd half. The heavy work load is still blue.
The ability to put ala into many place in a modifier chain imply that ala behaves like morphology– it works on a single word, not on a phrase.
jan pona kin.
jan ala pona.
jan pona ala.
jan pali ala
jan pali kin. Emphasis on pali. (Or on jan pali)
jan kin pali. Emphasis on jan. (And not on pali.)
jan suli walo == jan walo suli. Order didn’t matter. (assuming that jan suli and wan walo don’t have special meanings the way jan pona does.
Anyhow, not sure how to state it, but these feel like they should be modeled as a feature of a single word. (And maybe also as a feature of phrases).
I think this differs from, say a phrasal modifier, e.g. pi telo nasa, in that pi telo nasa modifies a certain phrases of a certain sort and individual words, while ala can modify just about any word, even propositions, verbs, modals. kin likewise can. And X anu X can be applied to any word in the verb phrase, maybe to prepositions.
They also mess up the template, because now the template as a lot of slots.
[subject(ala/kin/anu seme)] li [verb phrase(ala/kin/anu seme)] li [verb phrase(ala/kin/anu seme)] [Prep Phrase(ala/kin/anu seme)] [Prep Phrase(ala/kin/anu seme)].
If fits into so many slots it better to think of it as a way of transforming a word. So we get something that looks like morphology in a largely analytic language. And this should make the code for the parser easier to write (rather than adding numerous ala/kin/anu seme flag each phrase)